Vaginal issues can have an effect on ladies of all ages, are sometimes linked to the presence of irritation and vulvovaginitis, however in some instances, they will even have infections that require antibiotic remedy.
The irritation affecting the outer a part of the vagina, whereas the an infection develops throughout the organ and should have a mycotic origin, and bacterial infections.
Infections can due to this fact be attributable to fungi (similar to candida Albicans), by micro organism (Gardnerella, gonococcus, staphylococcus, streptococcus), by intracellular parasites (chlamydia), by viruses (genital herpes), and by protozoa (trichomonas).
The causes of an infection
One of the vital frequent causes is constipation: “Rectum and vagina are speaking and within the presence of stagnation of the feces there’s a change within the pH of the vagina which weakens the defenses; this permits micro organism from the gut to colonize the vagina itself, ”explains Dr. Zerbetto.
Different causes of infections embrace: unprotected and promiscuous sexual activity, inappropriate intimate hygiene, taking medication similar to antibiotics and immunosuppressants that alter the vaginal flora and decrease the physique’s pure defenses, sharing towels, attending public baths and swimming swimming pools and hormone modifications that make the vagina extra inclined to infections
In summer season, some components can improve the danger, similar to sweat, contact with sand and sea water or the extreme use of tight-fitting garments, typically product of artificial supplies.
How are infections handled?
“Infections typically manifest themselves as leucorrhea or whitish vaginal discharge, generally foul-smelling, itching, burning and ache, however they can be asymptomatic, as within the case of chlamydia.
In case of infections, confirmed by a vaginal swab, it’s essential to eradicate the pathogen with antifungal medication or antibiotics, these therapies forestall the issue from recurring. Relapses are frequent particularly if solely exterior signs are addressed, similar to redness or itching.
There are additionally pure treatments, which will be mixed with remedies: almond oil, which has anti-itch and soothing properties; oat-based lotions, anti-reddening and anti-itching properties; borage oil, which soothes itching. It is usually important that the vagina is at all times lubricated and hydrated as a result of atrophy and dryness favor the proliferation of pathogens ”, recommends the specialist.
Recommendation for prevention
To forestall irritation and infections, it’s advisable to desire cotton linen, average the usage of panty liners as a result of the hot-humid local weather favors the stagnation of vaginal secretions and the proliferation of pathogens, guarantee a different and balanced food regimen, which favors greens and fruit and restrict the consumption of advanced carbohydrates.
It is usually good to have correct intimate hygiene, maybe asking the gynecologist for recommendation on essentially the most acceptable merchandise, washing from the vagina to the anus to keep away from the passage of micro organism from the anal to the vaginal space.
Those that go to the pool (but additionally after a swim within the sea) ought to rinse the intimate space with recent water, to remove residual chlorine (or salt and sand). Within the pool, it’s preferable to not sit on the perimeters of the pool.