Throughout menopause, the manufacturing of estrogen within the feminine organism is diminished. Consequently, vaginal atrophy and related signs corresponding to burning, itching, vaginal dryness, and dyspareunia (ache throughout intercourse) develops in roughly 40% of ladies. The pH within the vagina rises, which makes it simpler for pathogens to settle and trigger irritation. Sexual exercise counteracts this growth, however many ladies solely resort to lotions and lubricants. The protection of native hormone alternative remedy with estrogens has not but been lastly clarified and is rejected by many ladies. Natural hormones might be another.
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is utilized in each conventional drugs and fashionable phytotherapy and incorporates numerous phytoestrogens. Using a
5 p.c fennel cream specifically ready for the research was examined on 30 postmenopausal girls over a interval of Eight weeks . The management group individuals on this randomized, double-blind research obtained a placebo cream. Earlier than the beginning of remedy and after two, 4, and eight weeks, the signs of burning, itching, dryness, the coloration of the vagina, and dyspareunia have been documented of their severity. A smear was used for cytological examination and was taken initially and eight weeks after the remedy, as was a measurement of the pH worth within the vaginal surroundings.
In comparison with the placebo cream, the fennel cream led to each an enchancment in cytological parameters and a major discount in signs. Not one of the 30 girls suffered from itching or dryness after the 8-week remedy, just one participant reported a slight burning sensation and two reported ache throughout intercourse. The pH worth, which was above pH 5 in all girls earlier than remedy, was decrease than pH 5 in all girls within the fennel cream group on the finish of the remedy section.
Within the management group, the individuals solely skilled a slight enchancment in some signs, the pH worth and the cytological values modified solely barely in comparison with the preliminary values.
In neither of the 2 teams did any undesirable unwanted effects that come up from utilizing the lotions.