Causes of Pain During Intercourse

11 Causes of Pain During Intercourse

Pain during intercourse is quite common and can become a problem hindering sexual pleasure and life as a couple

According to some data reported by the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 3 out of 4 sexually active women have reported discomfort of this kind at least once in their life.

The feeling of discomfort and pain usually occurs in the vulva and other areas around the opening of the vagina. It is also quite common for pain to affect the lower back or pelvic area. Often, however, it also involves the uterus and bladder.

This painful condition during sexual intercourse causes women to modify their sexual performance, also provoking reactions on an emotional level.

The causes of pain are different. All, however, are related to gynecological diseases or a lack of arousal and desire. In this article, we will introduce you to the 11 most common causes of pain during intercourse.


The most common causes of pain during intercourse

1. Skin problems

Dermatological disorders, such as ulcers on the delicate skin of the vulva, are one of the most common causes of pain. It is also common in the case of contact dermatitis and allergic reactions caused by the pH imbalance in the vaginal bacterial flora.

Also, it is important to be careful about using scented soaps and lubricants. Some of these, in fact, can cause this annoyance.


2. A lesion during coitus

During penetration, internal injuries can occur which causes pain and difficulty in carrying out sexual intercourse. These can also be due to vaginal swelling and, at times, to minor trauma. If the pain persists, accompanied by other symptoms, see a gynecologist as soon as possible.


3. Vaginal dryness

The vaginal dryness can occur at any age but is most common in the period leading up to menopause and during menopause itself. It is due to the reduction in levels of estrogen, also known as female hormones.

This imbalance has negative effects on vaginal lubrication. As a result, it causes irritation and burning during sex. In this case, it would be better to opt for lubricants, which you can find at the pharmacy, or for homemade remedies that can help control the hormonal difference.


4. Vaginitis

Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina that is caused by a fungal or bacterial infection. Not only does it manifest itself making penetration uncomfortable, but it also causes vaginal discharge and burning.


5. Vaginismus

Vaginismus is a disease that involves the involuntary contraction of the perivaginal muscles,  which in turn makes penetration difficult. It is one of the major causes of pain during intercourse.

Sometimes, it indicates the presence of scars or tumors inside the vagina. Gynecological treatment must be accompanied by the continuous practice of exercises for the pelvic muscles.


6. Episiotomy

In the months following the cut that is made in the vagina during childbirth, or the laceration of the perineum, pain can also be felt during sexual intercourse. Doctors recommend physical therapies and medications. In special cases, surgery is used.


7. Condom latex allergy

A small group of women has allergic reactions to latex or to certain lubricants contained in condoms. This discomfort is itchy and often prevents you from getting the most pleasure out of sexual intercourse.


8. Emotional problems

Emotional health plays an essential role in the pleasure one can experience during intercourse. Feelings such as fear, guilt, shame, and stress prevent you from reaching the level of relaxation necessary to achieve arousal.

The consequences consist of a reduction in sexual desire and the perception of pain during penetration.


9. Difficulties in the couple

Although most people ignore it, the difficulties that arise in the relationship with the partner can interfere with sexual desire. Lack of communication, problems, or infidelity can have negative effects during intimacy.


10. Some Medicines

Women who take birth control pills may experience decreased libido as a side effect. This problem can also arise due to excessive consumption of antibiotics and analgesics,  which can alter the natural lubrication of the vagina.


11. Cystitis

Inflammation of the bladder, due to bacterial infections, can cause discomfort during intercourse. The constant urge to urinate and vaginal burning is the cause of pain and loss of desire.

If you are a woman, it is important to pay attention to all of these factors, to prevent them from affecting your sexual relationship with your partner. Thanks to a gynecological examination, you will be able to understand what are the causes and the strategies to follow to keep the situation under control.


WATCH VIDEO: What women need to know about pain during intercourse

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