According to a study, 9% of women of childbearing age experience bleeding during sex and sometimes bleeding during sex without pain or without period, but the percentage rises up to 63% when considering postmenopausal women. But why does it bleed during sex? What causes bleeding during sex?
The causes of post-coital staining can be manifold: From unexpected periods to vaginal dryness and even cervical or uterine cancer. Wait to give up: If you accidentally get sporadic blood after sex and have regular pelvic exams, don’t worry. On the other hand, if this occurs more frequently or it has been more than a year since your last pelvic exam, make an appointment: having a specialist examination avoids unnecessary paranoia and especially exacerbations of minor problems which can easily be accepted if taken for time.
So here are the 5 causes of bleeding during sex
1. Vaginal dryness
The main cause of post-surgical staining is poor lubrication. If the vagina is not well lubricated (not stellar excitement or hasty warming up, taking birth control pills, hormonal changes, sex that is a little too rough), rubbing the intercourse can cause micro-sores and hence cause bleeding. This type of staining is usually associated with burning and discomfort on the outside of the vagina, so it’s easy to spot. The solution? A little, a lot of fat!
Another very disturbing cause of blood loss after sexual intercourse is vaginitis or inflammation of the vagina. Very irritating and very common as 9 out of 10 women will experience it sooner or later in some form. The origin may vary, but most likely Candida. Symptoms: vaginal discharge with a smell of rotten fish, burning and pain during sex, and in some cases bleeding after sex. The solution? Tracing the origin of vaginitis and its treatment.
Don’t worry, this has nothing to do with the ectoplasm. Ectopia is an apt term to refer to what was once called a “wound”, which is an extrusion beyond the inner lining of the cervix (bright red). Ectopia by itself is not a problem, but sexual intercourse can cause bleeding and swelling. The obstetrician can decide how to treat it, whether to burn or treat it with eggs.
4. Sexually transmitted disease
Some sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea or chlamydia, carry a number of diseases with them, including bleeding during or after sex. What to do? Always avoid condom use at first (exceptions only apply to stable and “certified” couples and it can still be canceled if one has an infected infection). The specialist can show you the most suitable therapy.
Endometriosis is a condition that affects 1 in 10 women that causes the endometrium (the tissue that covers the uterus) to grow outside the uterus, causing irregular periods and pain. If the endometrium is in the vagina or cervix, bleeding can occur after sexual intercourse. If you have been diagnosed with endometriosis and have this type of disorder, talk to your gynecologist to find out how to intervene and choose a suitable sexual position.
Polyps are another common cause of bleeding after intercourse. Contrary to what we have seen so far, they are usually asymptomatic at all, and post-copulation spotting is the only red flag indicating their presence. Cervical polyps are more common after age 50 and in women who have been pregnant more than once, whereas uterine polyps can appear from age 35. In most cases, these are benign formations that often don’t need to be removed. However, it is important to identify them to keep them under control and prevent them from becoming more serious.
Last on our list, and fortunately last in frequency, are the worst possible causes of bleeding: cervical cancer or uterine cancer. Blood loss after intercourse can actually be caused by the formation of tumors. Therefore it is important to consult a gynecologist if bleeding recurs. That is why it is so important not to neglect prophylaxis and regularly have a Pap test: through examinations (minimally invasive and minimally annoying), you can determine the presence of papillomavirus, a precursor to cervical cancer.